theodoret religious history

Not familiar with Hebrew, Theodoret uses the Syriac translation, the Greek versions, and the Septuagint. They were most probably delivered to the cultured Greek congregation of Antioch, sometime between 431 and 435. The Graecarum Affectionum Curatio or Cure of the Greek Maladies, subtitled The Truth of the Gospel proved from Greek Philosophy, arranged in twelve books, was an attempt to prove the truth of Christianity from Greek philosophy and in contrast with the pagan ideas and practises. Translated by Blomfield Jackson. Eventually, Theodoret's birth was promised by a hermit named Macedonius the Barley-Eater on the condition of his dedication to God, whence the name Theodoret ("gift of God").[4]. CHAPTER II. 179 letters were edited by J Sirmond in the seventeenth century. - Is the Question Open or Closed? Even Domnus gave his assent. As such, it forms one of the last Apologies written, since in an age when Christianity was dominant, the need for apologies gradually died out. 1319 sqq.). [7] There he lived for about seven years. 439). For example, Urbainczyk examines how Theodoret’s mother functions in the narrative only to disappear when she is no long useful. After the death of Cyril, adherents of the Antiochian theology were appointed to bishoprics. The Epistle of Alexander, Bishop of Alexandria to Alexander, Bishop of Constantinople. Origin of the Arian Heresy. For this reason, his history is valued today as a witness to fourth and fifth century church history. The Catholic Encyclopedia, "Plato And Theodoret Christian Appropriation Platonic Philosophy And Hellenic Intellectual Resistance :: Ancient philosophy :: Cambridge University Press". From Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series, Vol. In the Old Testament everything has typological significance and prophetically it embodies already the Christian doctrine. Other articles where Ecclesiastical History is discussed: patristic literature: The school of Antioch: …apologies against paganism, and his Ecclesiastical History, continuing Eusebius’s work down to 428. To the persecuted Christians of Persian Armenia he sent letters of encouragement, and to the Carthaginian Celestiacus, who had fled the rule of the Vandals, he gave refuge. Abba) an ascetic solitary of Osrhoëne, the district south of the modern Harran. He played a pivotal role in many early Byzantine church controversies that led to … He was ordered to participate in the Council of Chalcedon, which created violent opposition. His chief Christological work is the Eranistes etoi polymorphos (Beggar or Multiform, or perhaps The Collector) in three dialogues, describing the Monophysites as beggars passing off their doctrines gathered by scraps from diverse heretical sources and himself as the orthodox. It is a document of remarkable significance for understanding the complexities of the role of early monastics, both in society and in the church; it is also remarkable for presenting a model of ascetic authority which runs strongly against Athanasius's Life of Antony. Another surviving work by Theodoret is his Refutation of the Anathemas, his rejection of the twelve anathemas pronounced on him by Cyril of Alexandria, which has been preserved in Cyril's defence. Theodoret was determined to preserve the peace of the Church by seeking the adoption of a formula avoiding the unconditional condemnation of Nestorius, and toward the close of 434 strove earnestly for the reconciliation between the Eastern churches. He is the second of the saints of Theodoret's "Religious History," where we read that he lived on millet bread, which he ate once a week, and performed various miracles, which are recorded by Theodoret on the authority of Acacius. The Religious History, with an appendix on divine love, contains the biographies of thirty (ten living) ascetics, held forth as religious models. He clearly, also, though, received an extensive classical education, unsurprisingly for the child of prosperous parents in a city which had long been a centre of secular learning and culture. This work is distinguished for clearness of arrangement and style.[21]. Upon this he was declared orthodox and rehabilitated. [29][30], Influential 5th century Christian theologian of the School of Antioch, biblical commentator and bishop of Cyrrhus, This article is about the theologian. Some Chalcedonian and East Syriac Christians regard him as a "full" saint.[a]. Many of Theodoret's dogmatic works have perished; five, however, have survived. The last noteworthy Antiochene, Theodoret of Cyrrhus (c. 393– c. 458), in Syria, was also an elegant stylist. His aim is to avoid a one-sidedness of literalness as well as of allegory. The only thing known concerning him following the Council of Chalcedon is the letter of Leo charging him to guard the Chalcedonian victory (PG, lxxxiii. Design of the History. He thus illustrates that the overcoming of the Galenic paradigm is also proof that the holy men surpass the work of magicians. The divine illumination affords the right understanding after the apostolic suggestion and the New Testament fulfilment. Theodoret stands out prominently in the christological controversies aroused by Cyril of Alexandria. In this, her second book, Theresa Urbainczyk demonstrates how one collection of saints' lives—the Religious History of Theodoret, bishop of Cyrrhus—both prescribes and describes the relationship between ascetics and the early church. The narrative is more compressed than in the other historians, and Theodoret often strings documents together, with only brief comments between. zachary the rhetor cites a History of Chalcedon as written by Theodoret, but there is no trace of it; and the Libellus contra Nestorium ad Sporacium is not his. 457 is the traditional date, 466 has held the field for some decades (by E Honigmann (1953)) but 460 is now proposed (by Y Azema(1984). [12][13], Two works, On the Holy and Life-giving Trinity and On the Incarnation of the Lord, have survived through ascription to his opponent Cyril of Alexandria.[12][14][15]. Theodoret shared in the petition of John I of Antioch to Nestorius to approve of the term theotokos ("mother of God"), and upon the request of John wrote against Cyril's anathemas. Theodoret’s depiction of Galenic doctors in the Religious History … The court excluded Theodoret from the Second Council of Ephesus in 449 because of his antagonism to Cyril. This use of florilegia heralds a new stage in doctrinal development, in that it creates a new authority for Christian theology: that of the 'Fathers'. was pub. In the final two chapters (XXIX and XXX), he records the lives of three women: NULL and Cyra (XXIX) and NULL (XXX). Hence he protests against the attributing of The Song of Songs to Solomon and the like as degrading the Holy Spirit. Even a cursory look into Theodoret’s writings suffices to show that his engagement with Hellenism—understood as both a set of religious traditions and cultural and literary expressions—lasted throughout his life. Source. ISBN-10: 1419160559. For years their hopes were fed but not fulfilled. The man united to God was born of Mary; between God the Logos and the form of a servant a distinction must be drawn. Chapter 11, “Theodoret in the Religious History ” (130-142), takes on the hagiographical aspect of Theodoret’s presentation of his own life in the Religious History. With Diodorus and Theodore he was no less hated by the Miaphysites than Nestorius himself, and held by them and their friends as a heretic. N. Glubokovskij counts Eusebius, Rufinus, Philostorgius, and, perhaps, Sabinus. He is considered blessed by the Eastern Orthodox Church. He made an appeal to Leo the Great, but not until after the death of Theodosius II in 450 was his appeal for a revocation of the judgments against him granted by imperial edict. Contact information. Cxliii). ", "Bilingualism and Diglossia in Late Antique Syria and Mesopotamia", Greek Opera Omnia by Migne Patrologia Graeca, with analytical indexes and concordances made on the whole writings, István Pásztori-Kupán: Theodoret of Cyrus’s Double Treatise On the Trinity and On the Incarnation: The Antiochene Pathway to Chalcedon (PhD thesis), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Theodoret&oldid=994527194, Ancient Christians involved in controversies, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica, Articles containing Ancient Greek (to 1453)-language text, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CANTIC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Translations of some of Theodoret's writings can be found in, RC Hill has published translations into English of the, Bilingual editions (Greek text with parallel French translation) of several of the texts mentioned above have been published in recent years in, This page was last edited on 16 December 2020, at 04:46. [772] Julianus Sabas (i.e. Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus (Greek: Θεοδώρητος Κύρρου; c. AD 393 – c. 458/466) was an influential theologian of the School of Antioch, biblical commentator, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus (423–457). Ignatius was martyred in Rome under Emperor Trajan's rule. To understand these, we need to have some knowledge of his own biography, for which, indeed, the scattered data of the Religious History are a prime source. It contains many sources otherwise lost, specially letters on the Arian controversy; however, the book is extremely partisan, the heretics being consistently blackened and described as afflicted with the 'Arian plague'. Nicene and Post-Nicene Fathers, Second Series. Irenaeus the friend of Nestorius, with the cooperation of Theodoret, became bishop of Tyre, in spite of the protests of Dioscorus, Cyril's successor, who now turned specially against Theodoret; and secured the order from the court confining Theodoret to Cyrrhus. Theodoret of Cyrrhus, a key player in the political and theological controversies between Alexandria and Antioch in the fifth-century CE, produced massive amounts of literature. Featuring the Church Fathers, Catholic Encyclopedia, Summa Theologica and more. He understood Syriac as well as Greek, but was not acquainted with either Hebrew or Latin. Theodoret was born at Antioch towards the close of the fourth century and died at Cyrus, or Cyrrhus, the capital of the Syrian province of Cyrrhestica, in 457. The truth is self-consistent where it is not obscured with error and approves itself as the power of life; philosophy is only a presentiment of it. Encouraged by the fact that his mother had been cured of a serious eye complaint and converted to a sober life by Peter the Galatian, an ascetic living in an unoccupied in the locality,[3] Theodoret's parents sought further help from the local holy men, since she had been childless for twelve years. The obvious parallel that comes to mind from this same period is Eudocia. 250-348). Regrettably, I can't reply to every letter, but I greatly appreciate your feedback — especially notifications about typographical errors and inappropriate ads. Theodoret now composed the Eranistes (see below). Saint Theodoret, known as Theodoret of Cyrus or Cyrrhus, (c. 393 – c. 457) was an influential author, theologian, and Christian bishop of Cyrrhus, Syria (423-457). Epist. [22] 36 letters have been preserved in conciliar records. The Ecclesiastical History of Theodoret, which begins with the rise of Arianism and closes with the death of Theodore in 429 (despite being completed in 449-450) is very different in style from those of Socrates Scholasticus and Sozomen. His Ecclesiastical History of Theodoret are those of exegesis in their given content with Theodoret and schisms 17,. 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