Over more than a thousand years, a similar god was worshipped by virtually every one of Mesoamerica’s related cultures. Known as the Ehecailacozcatl, its swirling design represents the wind. The serpent's coils are covered with feathers Aztec 1325-1521 ,Mexico, ( The Mayans - Maya civilization was a Mesoamerican civilization in Yucatán Mexico and Belize in Central America ( 2600 BC - 1500 AD ) Pre Columbian American ) Talking of sacrifice, in yet another myth, Tezcatlipoca tricks Quetzalcoatl into getting drunk by on pulque (alcoholic drink fermented from the sap of maguey plant) by masking it as a medicinal drink. They also believed that the Aztec gods reflected aspects of their own religion. 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This is largely due to the story that the Aztec king welcomed Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conquistador, as the reincarnation of the god. One legend claimed that the star was Quetzalcoatl’s heart, placed in the sky after he burned himself alive out of shame for neglecting his duties. If this speech was actually given, it’s likely that ignorance of Aztec customs and Nahuatl speech patterns was to blame for giving the impression that Montezuma was willingly handing over power to a divine being. In Aztec circles, Quetzalcoatl probably also symbolized one section of agricultural activities that pertained to the very renewal of vegetation, while also being linked to the morning star or Venus (sometimes referred to as the evening star, symbolized by his twin brother Xolotl). These were part of the Nahua culture, which included both these states and other independent ethnic groups in central Mexico. Quetzalcoatl is a form of one of Mesoamerica’s most wide-spread images. And during the centuries of the Aztecs’ rise to power, the god came to play a variety of roles in Aztec belief . This Deity, known as the Plumed Serpent or Winged Serpent, is a Dragon King that rules over the sky in Aztec mythology and is the creator of the fifth humanity.He is a mix of bird and rattle snake and his name is a combination of the Nahuatl words for the quetzal, the emerald plumed bird, and coatl or serpent. From ancient snake gods to Spanish legends, here’s everything you need to know about the most famous god of the Aztecs! As a wind god, he was also responsible for making the rain fall. Although the city’s main temple was not dedicated to him, the priests of the city took his name and his iconography was prevalent. This is largely due to the story that the Aztec king welcomed Hernán Cortés, the Spanish conquistador, as the reincarnation of the god. This idea of return stemmed from a supposed speech given by Montezuma, the Aztec ruler, to Cortés when the Spanish arrived at Tenochtitlan. While this legend is disputed, it is clear that Quetzalcoatl was an important deity to the Aztecs and other people of Mexico and Central America. 200S.. Quetzalcoatl is a primordial god of creation, a giver of life. The inebriated god then goes on to flirt with his own sister – the celibate Quetzalpetlatl, thereby hinting at some form of incest. Quetzalcoatl, the Feathered Serpent, one of the major deities of the ancient Mexican pantheon. Other legends posited that Quetzalcoatl was the son of the goddess Chimalma. As a god of wind, Quetzalcoatl was also an important fertility deity. One of his most defining attributes, however, is his breastplate. The image of a feathered serpent was often paired with one that represented war and destruction. To these people, who continued to work with the Spanish to expand their territory, the arrival of Cortés did lead to the return of Quetzalcoatl. Although little is known about the specific ways in which he was revered, some historians believe that the use of hallucinogenic mushrooms and other intoxicants may have played a large role. Ultimately during the Fifth Sun, Quetzalcoatl was successfully able to retrieve the human bones from the underworld Mictlan (guarded by the realm’s ruler – Mictlantecuhtli) that were infused with his own blood and corn to once again ‘regenerate’ mankind. Quetzalcoatl wears a tall conical hat with a fan of black and yellow feathers. He was also associated with the creation of mankind, so he also possibly occupied the role of creator in the Aztec mythology. One of the most often-repeated stories involving Quetzalcoatl was one that spread after the arrival of the Spanish conquistadors in Mexico. Ehecatl – In some Aztec areas, such as Tenochtitlan, this was another wind god with nearly identical iconography to Quetzalcoatl. RealmofHistory(C)2019. Different cultures associated him with priesthood and kingship, further complicating his mythology in later retellings. In another myth, the god along with his brother Tezcatlipoca fashions the earth out of Cipactli, a female serpent-like monster. On the basis of the different symbolic systems used in portrayals of the feathered serpent deity in different cultures and periods scholars have interpreted the religious and symbolic meaning of the feathered serpent deity in Mesoamerican cultures. I am the owner and chief researcher at this site. Quetzalcoatl head in Teotihuacan . Quetzalcoatl (wym. This made it an important sign of fertility because it brought with it the rains that renewed the earth. Among these Mesoamerican gods, Quetzalcoatl was also one of the oldest. They were like the Greeks and Romans to the Egyptians. Because the feathered serpent was such a widespread and long-lasting archetype, he was known by many names throughout Mexico and Central America. Images of the Feathered Serpent appear on a temple building in Teotihuacán, a Mexican archaeological site from the A . Blessed Be. Interestingly enough, Mixcoatl was primarily perceived as the god of hunt in the later Aztec mythology. 1 Capabilities 2 Deities 2.1 Major Deities 2.2 Other Deities 2.3 Folk Saint Deities 3 Associations 4 Known Users 4.1 Anime/Manga 4.2 Television 4.3 Cartoons/Comics 4.4 Video Games 5 Gallery The user can have the traits and abilities of Aztec Gods and Goddesses. Others said that he had invented the calendar and books. Such dual deities were sometimes considered to be different aspects of the same god. Like we discussed before, Tezcatlipoca was associated with night and darkness, whereas his equal yet opposite Quetzalcoatl was associated with light and thus possibly referred to as the White Tezcatlipoca. D . My name is Mike and for as long as I can remember (too long!) The Nahua civilization, which included the central Mexican Aztecs, almost universally worshipped Quetzalcoatl among their gods. His older brothers were Xipe Totec and Tezcatlipoca while his younger brother was Huitzilopochtli. Although early images had shown a serpent, by the classical period of Aztec culture Quetzalcoatl was more often shown with a human body. Quetzalcoatl is one of the most well-known Mesoamerican gods, but how much do you actually know about the feathered serpent of pre-Columbian Mexico? Quetzalcoatl—he was the wind, the guide and road sweeper of the rain gods, of the masters of the water, of those who brought rain. Apart from being a creator deity, he also ruled over the modern age. . Online Sources: McGill University / LACMA / World Digital Library / MexicoLore, Featured Image: Artwork by GENZOMAN (DeviantArt), Home » Blog Posts » Culture » Quetzalcoatl: History and Mythology of the Aztec ‘Feathered Serpent’ God. In some myths, Quetzalcoatl grows a beard and goes on to wear a white mask, thereby hinting at his erroneous representation as a white-bearded god. For example, there might have been a Toltec warlord with the namesake Quetzalcoatl, possibly also known as Kukulkán, who invaded the Yucatan in the early Post-Classic Period (circa 900 AD). Mesoamerican deities often functioned in duality. According to a previously held conventional theory, the Aztec Emperor Moctezuma II regarded the arrival of Spanish conquistador Hernán Cortés on Mexican shores (in circa 1519 AD) as the return of Quetzalcoatl, given his ‘white bearded’ face. He drove the winds that brought rain and allowed plants to grow. In that regard, Quetzalcoatl was often venerated as the god of light, rain, justice, mercy, and wind (along with even knowledge, books, and poetry); while contrastingly, Tezcatlipoca was considered as the god of night, deceit, sorcery, and the Earth. I decided to teach you a little bit of my culture..... Quetzalcoatl was a very important god in the aztec deitites.... sooo i hope you like it! He also had anthropomorphic forms, for example in his aspects as Ehecatl the wind god. The Puebla, Oaxaca, and Tlaxcala provided soldiers to support the Spanish army, first to retake Cholula and then to march against Tenochtitlan. Quetzalcóatl (pronounced: ketsalˈkoːaːtɬ in Nahuatl) is an Aztec sky and creator god.The name is a combination of quetzalli, a brightly colored Mesoamerican bird, and , which means serpent; it is therefore usually translated as "feathered serpent" or "plumed serpent".Quetzalcoatl was often pictured as a snake with feathers, although he was sometimes shown in the form of a human. Quetzalcoatl was so closely linked to fertility and creation that many groups held him to be the creator of mankind. The confederacy was known for both coveting and maintaining a major pilgrimage center at Cholula – the city dedicated to the worship of Quetzalcoatl. More elaborate depictions of the ‘feathered’ serpent version are found at the six-tiered pyramid built in the god’s honor at Teotihuacan, dating from circa 3rd century AD. The god Quetzalcoatl, is the Feathered Serpent or Precious Twin. He is an Aztec god, but the Aztecs were late in the game. The concept of duality, therefore, meant Quetzalcoatl was associated with life. The Aztecs believed that Quetzalcoatl marked the boundary between the Earth and the sky. He sometimes appeared as a pale man with a beard. And it is this latter characterization that has been debated in the academic circles. Rather than showing subservience to the invading Spaniards, Montezuma’s claim that Cortés was a gracious ruler was a way of asserting dominance and showing disdain for the Spanish commander. In Aztec mythology he was the brother of Tezcatlipoca, Huizilopochtli and Xipe Totec. Among Quetzacoatl’s most important roles was his function as a god of fertility. By the 3rd century AD this was recognizable as a god, who had a pyramid dedicated to his honor in the city of Teotihuacán. Furthermore, historians have found only scarce evidence of such a foretelling of Quetzalcoatl’s return in pre-Hispanic traditions. At that time he seems to have been conceived as a vegetation god. 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